What Is a Requirements Traceability Matrix?
The Requirements Traceability Matrix is a table that captures all known project requirements and traces each one from their origin to the final deliverable. Like the name suggests, it traces the project requirements from beginning to end.
This Requirements Traceability Matrix captures the requirement number, the date it was received or identified, the person or place from whom it was received, and a description of the requirement. It also captures the person who approved the requirements, the person responsible for executing the work, the person responsible for testing the correctness and completeness of the requirement, the due date, the person who approved the completed work, and a place for recording the status of the requirement.
At a glance, the Requirements Traceability Matrix allows the project manager to see all the news a person could use. It enables better management of the requirements. For this reason, it’s a most useful document.
Who Creates It?
The Requirements Traceability Matrix is created by the project manager.
What Are the Inputs?
Inputs to the Requirements Traceability Matrix may include, among other things: the project charter, the contract, the requirements register, prototypes, facilitated workshops, surveys, workflow documentation, notes or recordings from interviews, business rules and lessons learned.
How Is It Used?
The Requirements Traceability Matrix is used when identifying and gathering requirements. It is a tool that lists each requirement and tracks the disposition of each requirement throughout the project life cycle. The Requirements Traceability Matrix is also a valuable tool for baselining requirements and controlling project scope. Like most project management documents, the Requirements Traceability Matrix should be consulted and updated throughout the project life cycle.